AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE "BIG BANG" THEORY BASED ON THE LATEST SCIENTIFIC OBSERVATIONS|
I am not comfortable with the idea of the "Big Bang." I think the universe came from a "Great Wave" of multiple creation phases.
A "Quantum" Cosmology Involving Dark Energy, Dark Matter
Tuesday, 1-19-2010, Article 58 Alternative Cosmology for a Living, Complex Universe that Never Dies|
"I beheld the multitudinous waves of creation melt back into one lucent sea, even as the waves of the ocean, their tempests subsiding, serenely dissolve into unity." --Paramhansa Yogananda (Autobiography of a Yogi, Chapter 14)
Waves of Creation (Multi-Phase) Cosmology
Our "multi-phase" universe goes through many stages or "waves of creation." The quantum actions of dark energy over eons of time produce subtle particals in the same manner that ocean waves produce foam, bubbles, droplets and mists. These particles would come from all directions in the vast regions of space to eventually concentrate into billions of galaxies.
In a Previous Epoch there Was Darkness
According to the latest observations of very distant galaxies, quasars, gamma ray bursts, etc., from over 13 billion light-years away, the universe seems to be going through vast stages of evolution. However, the idea that somehow the entire universe in all its immensity started out from a single point smaller than an atom seems both preposterous and unnecessary. Even more impossible is the idea that somehow all that which came from this "Big Bang" was so perfectly aligned to at least six numbers and/or laws of physics that it was able to accidentally form into a whole, vast life-bearing universe without collapsing too soon or expanding too rapidly!
Such an event would be so unlikely and so far-fetched that the chances of that event actually happening would be practically nonexistent. To assume that even the space-time continuum had a beginning to it is utterly strange and unnecessary. 13.7 billion years is not the age of this ageless universe, it is the length of the radius to the event horizon making it seem as if the universe started at that point in time. Space, time, the laws of physics, and the maximum allowable speed of light are eternal constants that might change slightly only over vast amounts of distance and time.
In the distant past there was nothing but a cold, vast void, with no stars except maybe a few ancient black holes left from a previous universe scattered here and there.
Because the endless vastness of space is always saturated with dark energy, space is always expanding, especially between the most distant objects, whatever may be left over from any previous universes may have continued to "expand" over the cosmic horizon never to be seen again. With all this dark energy forcing galaxies to move apart at an accelerating rate in all directions, there is no need for a "Big Bang" to explain why the universe is expanding in the way that it is. Instead of exploding from a tiny point, the universe is constantly replacing itself with new waves of galactic creation. A possibility remains that some remnants of a previous universe may still be left hanging around and therefore have some effect on the design of the next creation. I used the term "quantum cosmology" because feel that phrase best describes my idea that the universe originates from vast amounts of fluctuations of quantum (or dark) energy throughout the eternal void.
There Are Waves or Periods of Creation and Star Formation between long Periods of Darkness
There are vast cycles or phases of creation; never a "Big Bang" from a single point of of an impossibly huge amount of quantum energy all at one time, but rather a continuous and harmonious flow of creative quantum (dark) energy throughout all space lasting indefinitely and resulting in vast clouds of dark matter and eventually the components of physical matter atoms in the form of plasmas and electrons condensing either directly from dark energy or possibly "stepped" down from the higher vibrations of dark matter via the same quantum or dark energy influences that created the dark matter in the first place. Dark energy, the originator of all things, is one and the same as the quantum fluctuations of space, zero point energy and the Casimir effect. Continue reading...
"Big Bang" Cosmology: Instant Universe in Three Easy Steps?
A major problem with the "Big Bang" theory is that the overall universe has recently been found to be perfectly "flat" and not at all spherical or gravitationally curved in any way as one would expect from any universe expanding from a single point. A flat universe 156 billion light years wide (actual present-day estimated size of the "Big Bang" universe if the light horizon did not exist) that started from a tiny point only 13.73 billion years ago sounds amazingly contradictory and requiring such a precise value of critical density as to again be extremely unlikely, unless one brings in the anthropic principle.
In order to help iron out some of these most obvious discrepancies, "Big Bang" theorists had to come up with an "inflationary model" in which the whole universe somehow exponentially expanded from a tiny point to a space billions of light years in diameter in a very small fraction of a second! This expansion rate is not only many, many times faster than the speed of light, but still would not be enough to completely remove all of the remaining "curvature" out of the observable universe. Since no general curvature can be found at all, I am surprised after learning this fact (which very strongly supports my theory) and the overwhelming evidence that it is dark energy and not the original "Big Bang" expansion that is driving galaxies apart, that very brilliant scientists still think the "Big Bang" theory is the best explanation! Am I missing something here?
Cosmology from... Consciousness
I guarantee you will see the universe in a way you've never seen it before! The following alternative cosmology articles came from a period of over thirty-seven years of deep contemplation on the nature of reality starting in 1975. They contain my best insights on creation including a compendium of compatible alternative cosmological concepts regarding the formation of the universe and the creation of reality. Most scientific thinking today still revolves around the idea that reality is structured independent of our consciousness and that all thoughts, feelings and consciousness are strictly artifacts of the human brain. However, a vast assortment of life's deepest mysteries could never, ever be solved by assuming that consciousness has nothing to do with "external" reality.
Another question that remains to be answered, is where did all that incredible ultra-concentrated infinite energy of the "Big Bang" come from in the first place? How can all that perfectly focused energy come from nothing, let alone be so infinitely dense? This event, for it to ever occur would have to be the most outrageous violation of the law of energy conservation possible. And then how would pure energy develop into hundreds of billions of galaxies most likely populated with trillions of civilizations without simply dispersing into space as radiation and/or as countless trillions and trillions of separate particles? It is as strange as firing off an M-80 and expecting the debris of that explosion to miraculously transform into a flock of birds and ten thousand butterflies. Everything coming from a tiny point seems to be the most unlikely and awkward way imaginable to create a universe.
And consider the following quote from this article in Science Daily:
"The presence of such fully evolved galaxies so early in the life of the cosmos is hard to explain and has been a major puzzle to astronomers studying how galaxies form and evolve." --ScienceDaily (April 4, 2008)
This observation strongly suggests that some galaxies could actually have formed much earlier than most of the other galaxies which either might be the left over remnants of a previous wave of creation (this would be amazing) or from earlier parts of the present wave of creation (more likely), or that very old looking galaxies with red stars must have formed much sooner after the "Big Bang" than expected (least likely). This observation and others like it such as vast structures discovered at the very edge of the visible universe, and the perfect flatness of space observed right out to the distant cosmic horizon contradict the "Big Bang" hypothesis quite well.
500,000,000,000 Years Into the Future
The entire cycle repeats itself. Over eons of time, elementary particles from dark energy gradually build up and accumulate until they reach "critical mass" when they start clumping together into a hot, vast, CMB-radiation-emitting dense fog where the process of nucleosynthesis starts all over.
100,000,000,000 Years Into the Future
The old galaxies (now illuminated only by red and brown dwarfs) disperse and eventually die out or "refuel" themselves from the new elementary particles forming throughout space and perhaps continuing to exist far into the next cycle of creation. This will be a time of increased dark energy, new particle formation throughout space, and an increasing murkiness or gloom as the distances between galactic clusters and even individual galaxies increase dramatically and stars run out of fuel.
Present Day Universe
We live between two cycles or waves of creation. The exact time frame between cycles is not known, the time scales on this graph are estimated as best I know how. The effects of dark energy take over as even more galaxies accelerate toward and beyond the cosmic horizon. Because of Einstein's Theory of Relativity and ubiquitous nature of the quantum vacuum energy, the universe never actually changes in size nor in the overall quantity of energy. Both remain constant.
5,000,000,000 Years Ago
The effects of dark energy begin to show up as more and more galaxies disperse and permanently recede into the distance. Many galaxies also grow larger as they collide and merge together.
10,000,000,000 Years Ago
During this stage of the universe, most galaxies existed as smaller, very intense, irregular and blue with quasars at their centers. However some galaxies still looked very old, with red and fully developed spiral-shaped appearances. Some of these galaxies could be left-overs from a previous cycle of creation. Additionally, some of the first galaxies might have formed during earlier parts of the present cycle or creation.
13,750,000,000 Years Ago
Most scientists believe that at this stage in the creation of the universe there existed a massive inflation of space from a single point less than the size of a proton to billions of light years across within only a fraction of a second! Then they say the CMB came from the Big Bang. The CMB actually came mainly from a ubiquitous and fully homogenized ocean of elementary particles as they began to condense, heat up and synthesize into deuterium, helium and other plasmas.
Elementary particles created from dark (quantum) energy throughout the universe accumulated and condensed for hundreds of billions of years until enough of these particles formed a vast, hot, homogenous, luminous fog funneling into even denser, brighter regions of gigantic, exotic, gamma-ray emitting mega-stars (billions of solar masses) where nucleosynthesis of elementary particles into hydrogen and helium plasmas occurred.
No single "Big Bang" ever existed, however there were countless numbers of "big-bangs" or gigantic hypernovae creating some of the largest black holes, some of the strongest gravitational waves, and some of the most intense gamma ray bursts in the history of the universe. These hypernovae came from extremely massive short-lived hot blue mega-stars becoming quasars billions of times larger than our sun. Billions of these hypernovea ejected vast nebula of hydrogen and heavier elements which later formed into the massive, ever-expanding strings of clusters of galaxies now observed throughout the entire universe, giving it a sponge-like texture.
100,000,000,000 Years Ago
Left over galaxies from a previous universe very similar to the present universe will continue to disperse and turn redder and redder as the longest lived stars (red and brown dwarfs) keep on burning. Eventually these galaxies will either die out or perhaps eventually get "refueled" from newly accumulated particles created from dark (quantum) energy throughout all of space.
The Early Universe Consisted of Extremely Bizarre and Massive "Stars" that Emitted Gamma Rays
Baryonic acoustic oscillations or vast wave-like disturbances in the prime-evil "fog" of creation caused by extremely vast supernovae around 14 billion years ago were a major factor in the design and construction of the universe right from its conception. What was once a smooth ocean of fog became rippled with massive shock-waves from these first "hyper" novae. These shock-waves formed more condensations of matter which in turn started a chain-reaction of many more massive exotic "stars" and "hyper" novae. Because of the overall smoothness in the density of the "pre-dawn" universe, the formation of the first "stars" tended to happen all at once throughout the entire universe; like a simultaneous "awakening" into light and heat after perhaps a thousand billion years of utter darkness and cold since a prevoious wave of creation with few, if any remnants, surviving today.
The present universe of stars and galaxies had a turbulent beginning, but nothing like the "Big Bang." However a cascade reaction throughout all of space started as soon as a critical density of elementary particles was reached after hundreds of billions of years of virtual to permanent quantum particle accumulation. Because space is thermodynamically polarized (dark energy, which space consists mainly of, is polarized in the opposite direction of gravity), mainly the matter particles rather than anti-matter particles accumulated and became the vast majority of matter in the universe.
Vast, galactic-sized clouds of trillions and trillions of these fine particles formed and collapsed into massive and very bizarre "hyper-stars" consisting mainly of dark matter and of these very early and simple elementary baryonic particles. Such exotic "stars" may have shone gamma rays because the vast majority of such particles at this very early stage of the universe were of the smallest and most basic types, and temperatures existed at far higher levels than normal stars will ever reach, creating an innate and most violent instability to the extent that such reactions did not exist long enough and reacted too violently for heavier elements to form.
Gravity condensed these particles into much hotter and denser states where they formed into quarks, leptons, gluons, etc., which in turn "fused" into protons and neutrons, etc. The heat of such reactions became so violent that huge explosions occurred, spilling out oceanic nebula of deuterium, helium 4, lithium and beryllium throughout the whole early universe providing the future nuclear fusion fuel for the more normal stars of today. All the different levels of nucleosynthesis of finer particles into neutrons and nuclei, and then the fusion of hydrogen into heavier elements did not occur all at once in the same "star," but separately in simultaneous stages throughout the whole universe.
In "Quantum Cosmology" the Universe Always Expands yet Never Changes in Size
Much of the explosive force from the massive "hyper-novae" in the early universe, combined with dark energy, caused matter to expand outward in all directions, approaching the speed of light at around 13.7 billion light years away. This expansion is a constant process as basic and permanent as time itself. The universe has been expanding long before the theoretical "Big Bang" and will remain expanding forever. However it will never actually grow in size, while remaining constantly around 13.7 light years in radius which is the approximate distance from where we are to the point where the speed of receeding matter (at the cosmic horizon) becomes the speed of light and therefore from our perspective or vantage point becomes invisible and no longer a part of our visible universe. However it will always remain visible in those parts of the universe still lying within its 13.7 billion light year radius.
No Energy Actually Gets Lost, Only Transformed Back Into the Oneness
Whatever energy and matter that passes over the distant cosmic horizon is never actually lost. Its energy is simply transfered back into dark energy in a similar manner to whatever gets completely consumed by a black hole or gravity well. Gravity has a "white hole" or opposite polarity or reaction to it like all forces do. This "white hole" polarity of all space is intimately associated with the direction of time and is the obverse or counterbalancing reaction to all gravity in the universe and consequences of its expansion. The opposite force or polarity of gravity is evenly scattered throughout the whole universe in the form of dark energy positive particle creation in every cubic centimeter of space. Dark energy throughout space is the ever-expanding "white hole" while all gravitational black holes are highly focused points of contracting space at specific locations.
Quantum Cosmology: Eons of Dark Energy Gradually Leaves a Residue of 90% Dark Matter and 10% Physical Matter
The actual process of matter creation is a rather long and tedious development requiring the existence of countless highly coincidental or outstanding quantum events of a temporary but very intense nature. In every cubic centimeter of space, billions of particles and antiparticles are created and annihilate each other over and over again, releasing tiny amounts of energy and causing a slight increase in the volume of space while providing an essential sustaining power that keeps all electrons from collapsing into the nuclei of atoms.
However one in a billion of these virtual particles somehow get separated from or created without a counterpart to annihilate with and therefore hangs around long enough to become part of an atom. Because space is "polarized" by the arrow (direction) of time, (see first two sections of Vesica Pisces) slightly more particles than antiparticles are created. The kind of particles most likely to not be annihilated by an anti-particle "twin" tend to be matter particles rather than antimatter particles. That is why there is an overwhelming majority of surviving matter particles over surviving antimatter particles.
This scenario is most likely at least one way that matter can seemingly come from "nothing" or rather, the "oneness" of space. Dark matter (or astral matter) is an even finer substance that seems to be created from "oneness" at an even faster rate of roughly ten or more particles of dark matter for every particle of ordinary matter. The accumulation of minute particles of dark matter are the resulting "foam" or "residue" of billions and billions of years of these quantum events in the infinite "sea" of dark energy throughout space. Like dark energy which has a very, very high but extremely intense vibration, very fine dark matter is physically undetectable because it also has a very high rate of vibration. It may be possible that some of that dark matter, which consists of 90% of all matter in the universe, may eventually decay into the components of physical matter. It may be that entire atoms of dark matter could be decaying into entire atoms of physical matter simply by causing its vibration rate to drop down to the resonance of physical matter through the influence of dark energy.
Space Exists as the One and Only Causeless Substance
Space is the ever-expanding, yet constant, multidimensional oneness of all things. Space is the one Original Substance that always has existed and always will exist. This undefinable oneness does not come from anything, because it is absolutely original, independent, self-defining, self-supporting and complete in its self. If there was a first cause for everything, space is it.
Space has bizarre properties. The actual root of consciousness seems to be deeply embedded in the very quantum fabric of space. Space can become "solid" when acted upon or "stressed" with any sort of energy as high as the speed of light, yet obviously has no "density" or "solidity" to it whatsoever under normal conditions.
Space exists and always will exist as the original, underlying substance of all energy and matter. Being an infinite amount of vacuum, space is visually limited to the width of the cosmic event horizon, yet eternal in principle. Space has or needs no beginning or ending in time, it simply exists forever as a universal "space-time" wholeness or oneness with a consistent or overall energetically polarized multi-dimensional geometry that can be bent by gravity. Space remains the same everywhere, yet how it is reacted upon can cause it to behave quite differently: sometimes as a solid, but in most cases it is experienced as empty void.
Space is typically thought about as having only volume or three dimensions. However, not only is the rather obvious fourth dimension of time often overlooked by the average observer, space also consists of many more dimensions tightly curled or hidden away deep within itself, giving it an amazingly complex geometry with remarkable qualities. Mechanically symmetric, yet thermodynamically asymmetric (or polarized), space allows one to predict exactly where celestial bodies will be at any particular time in the future, yet only the past can be seen and recorded. The future can only be guessed at and most of it will always remain a mystery until it arrives! Space is far more than it seems.
In "Quantum Cosmology" the Multidimensional Quantum Field of Space is the Source of all Time, Energy, and Matter
Even though space is obviously not solid, light can travel through it, so there is definitely a "something" in space that acts as a transmitting medium for electromagnetic radiation. Because matter is really made up of resonating pockets of trapped electromagnetic radiation, matter is simply an energetic variation of the multi-dimensional substance of space. And there will always be a certain ratio of matter to space--something like ten hydrogen atoms and one helium atom for every cubic meter of the emptiest regions of deep space between the galactic clusters.
However, the amount of particles in every cubic meter of space can vary dramatically depending on which region of space and which epoch in time we are referring to; for instance, the number of hydrogen and helium nuclei per cubic meter of space within a cluster of galaxies can be a thousand times higher. There can also be hundreds of thousands of neutrinos zipping past every second at nearly the speed of light, hundreds of thousands of free electrons, quarks, gluons, dark matter particles, dark energy virtual particles, electromagnetic radiation (photons), magnetic fields, and other fine particles. Space is never absolutely empty, it is saturated with energy.
The entirety of space itself can be conceptualized as being one huge particle with its own boundary or event horizon. Space is one single, infinite field of an intelligent substance that consists of a very high frequency of pure, expanding energy which some might call the "Breath of God" because it is constantly "shimmering" or breathing in and out at an extremely rapid rate. Space is completely and utterly saturated with this universal vibration at extremely, extremely high frequencies of very intense electromagnetic energy most of it being far higher than the highest "notes" of what most of us consider to be the electromagnetic spectrum. This universal force of dark energy is known as zero point energy which is powered by the Uncertainty Principle.
The precipitation of particles from dark energy is far from chaotic, but in direct alignment with the sacred geometry of the Golden Mean where quantum vibrations resonate throughout all octaves of the musical scale. The whole design of the universe is based on this precise musical scale, otherwise matter would simply not form into the exact atomic patterns that it consists of. The crystalline structures of matter, the designs found in living forms and of nature itself would not be possible without these precisely attuned multidimensional notes (cosmic strings?) of energy. The laws of nature are so perfectly tuned and exact, that a universal, governing intelligence or "consciousness" consisting of quantum patterns of energy throughout the higher dimensions deeply embedded within and "beyond" space and time would have to exist for the infinitely complex and vast structures of creation to continue evolving and being recreated.
Worlds Beyond Worlds
The Collision of Dreams and Reality - We shall explore the very fringes of human knowledge where dreams and reality merge into what can only be called a "twilight zone" where orbs of light and mysterious space craft pop in and out of our perception, and various types of humanoids and other creatures are discovered to our shock and amazement to momentarily appear and disappear. They often appear, like ghosts, semitransparent and can only stay in our vibration rate for a short time before dematerializing back into their own dimension. Some visitors may be able to stay longer than others, and the most physical ones may even be inhabiting our earth, sometimes intermixing with our own kind before too many people become aware of them.
Dark Energy Eventually Transports Distant Galaxies Toward an "Event Horizon" where Time Stops
The quantum fields of dark energy causes the vastest scales of cosmic distances to expand exponentially to the point where the red shifts of distant objects become infinite. Any objects from such immense distances no longer "exist" from our perspective because their space-time axis has absolutely flattened out, merging completely with the singularity beyond the cosmic horizon of the visible universe. It is in this way that the overall size, shape and energy of the universe always remains finite, but constant.
The idea of a cosmological constant needed to prevent the universe from ultimately collapsing under its own gravity was discarded by Albert Einstein in what he called his "biggest blunder." However, the overall effect that dark energy has on the universe seems to be exactly like Einstein's cosmological constant. What was once a "blunder" is now a leading explanation for why the expansion of the universe is accelerating.
The greater the distance from our local galaxy, the greater the rate of expansion of space of which the overall effect would be an expansion-generated space-time-axis "curvature" of space from "horizontal" at our location of the universe to "perpendicular" at the radius of 13.7 billion light years. The main feature of black holes is their event horizons that encompass a "space" that is perpendicular to the space surrounding it adding an extra dimension or direction of space that pierces many parallel universes well into the distant future.
There seems to be a significant similarity between the event horizon of a black hole and the much vaster cosmic horizon where countless galaxies would seem to vanish from view. The rate of time of whatever galaxies that recede back toward the visible edge or "event horizon" of the universe approaches to a complete halt, with whatever radiation emanating from these objects becoming no longer distinguishable from the cosmic background radiation.
Why Is The Cosmic Microwave Background so Smooth and the Universe so Clumpy?
The cosmic microwave background is most likely an artifact of highly red-shifted radiation from the heat and energy of the vast condensations of deuterium and helium plasmas abundantly present throughout the early stages of the universe. It is also theoretically possible that a small portion of the CMB could be a harmonic of the universal quantum vibration of the void. This article seems to show that some of this radiation does not all come from the distant edges of the universe, but rather from vast areas of space closer to home.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) is obviously and naturally extremely smooth and even, as it resonates from a vast, opaque blanket of elementary particles and plasmas most likely to exist evenly spread out in all directions throughout the furthest reaches of the cosmic horizon from 13.4 to 13.7 billion light years away. The ubiquitous quantum dark energy for billions and billions of years produced these highly energetic plasmas in equal amounts in all directions of space which finally had accumulated to a critical "stellar formation" density at the earliest stages of the present universe.
If such a thing as the CMB came from an explosion, it would have to be much more uneven, but its "smoothness" is at least one-hundred thousand to one. Massive filamentary structures consisting of vast strings of galactic clusters have been observed right out to the very edge of the visible universe. These structures are so huge, they would need at least 70 billion years to form. How something nearly perfectly smooth becomes so utterly clumpy within a billion years is hard to explain, unless there was much more time than 13.7 billion years allowed for such massive and ancient looking cosmic structures to form.
Dark energy plays an essential role in the formation of massive clumps throughout the universe. When vast clouds of matter accumulated during the early universe, instead of forming into one, huge blob, it was continually sectioned off into separate cells (each held together by its own gravity) by the expansive forces of dark energy. Each of these separate blobs condensed into vast collections of galactic clusters with huge gaps or voids widening between them. This effect of dark energy may explain why even the very cosmic microwave background itself has at least a tiny degree of "clumpiness" to it. Many computer simulations illustrate how this phenonmenon actually happened.
Millions of Years Later, Quasars and More Normal Stars Formed
With the continuing influence of dark matter, magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces, these vast clouds of plasma formed into knots that condensed into more normal, yet still very, very massive stars (some as large as billions of solar masses and can be seen today as quasars) which started to consume and blow off vast jets of more ordinary gas elements such as hydrogen, helium, etc. into space causing a chain reaction of more star formation and more fusion into even heavier elements throughout the cosmic sea of fog. Within a few hundred-million years of the begining of this first wave of star formation, the largest stars collapsed into vast black holes with polarized streamers and huge halos of star cloud and dark matter.
The closest thing to a "Big Bang" that actually happened in the early universe were these countless millions of colossal super novae going off as massive first generation stars reached the end of their relatively short but very intense multimillion year life-spans. Some of the largest stars or clusters of stars quickly burned out and collapsed into vast gamma-ray bursting black holes that later became quasars and finally the centers of elliptical and spiral galaxies thousands of light-years across.
If one could see back in time, deep into the early universe, one would see some of the most violent events that ever took place. One would see huge, unstable, hot blue stars with millions, if not billions of solar masses forming in countless mega-nebulae. One would see clumpy or chaotic looking galaxies with thousand light-year long streaks or streamers as these hot, massive stars quickly burn out, explode and collapse into vast black holes or quasars. Evidence of huge explosions would dot the whole region.
Three to twelve billion years later, galaxies became much larger and more regular in shape such as the elliptical and spiral galaxies that exist today. Second and third generation stars with heavier elements formed allowing for solar systems with solid planets bearing living organisms. Smaller stars tend to be much more stable and commonplace and will continue to light up the galaxies for another five to one-thousand billion years. The smallest stars (red dwarfs) will shine the longest.
The Future of the Universe
Because deep field observations suggest overall changes in the early universe as compared to the more recent (local) sections of the universe, such as the increasing rarity of heavier elements the further one peers back toward the "beginning" of the universe along with increasing irregularity and smaller sizes of galaxies, it is more than likely that the universe is not in a "steady state" but rather goes through vast cycles, stages, or waves of creation.
In the future of the universe, galaxies will continue to expand away from each other at an accelerating rate. After a hundred and fifty billion years from now, everything might become quite dark and very sparse as more and more hydrogen and helium get fused into increasingly heavier elements not so easy to convert into energy. Dying stars, neutron stars, quark stars, and black holes may become more and more numerous as the galactic clusters they inhabit expand further and further away into the distance.
Even though new particles and plasmas are constantly being created from dark energy and attracted into a vast array of colossal threads of plasma by the gravitational influence of dark matter, the rate of which star formation and consumption of energy by these stars may exceed the creation of new hydrogen fuel many times. Long periods of darkness may have to ensue before enough fuel accumulates again for a series of new galaxies to form.
Unless somehow all the dark energy in the universe goes through a massive "surge" or increase in activity, this process cannot be speeded up. This "surge" in energy might occur if a more than usual amount of energy and matter is consumed by black holes and/or passes over the cosmic (event) horizon. Recent observations indeed suggest that the expansion rate is in fact accelerating out of control leading to a run-away universe scenario. Such an increase in dark energy should also result in an increase in the rate of new matter creation throughout the cosmos.
While falling down any black hole or singularity, or while speeding away toward the cosmic horizon approaching the rapidity of light, time (rate of energy) slows down and comes to a complete halt. Because no energy is ever really lost, the energy has to go somewhere, and therefore must feed back into the overall "dark energy" reservoir of space within the vast circumference of the cosmic horizon. Dark energy is the sustainer of all time and is what keeps "space" chronologically "polarized" in a forward moving or "thermodynamic" direction.
The universe in general also appears quite transparent. In order for there to be constantly enough "raw materials" available for continuous stellar creation and starlight to occur, the universe would have be fairly opaque all over most of the time. Only certain regions or patches of the universe appear to be filled with enough plasmas to be visible as nebulae. Therefore a more likely scenario for the future of the universe will be a long twilight followed by an eventual blackout as all the stars in all the galaxies run out of fuel.
Some red and brown dwarfs could last up to a thousand billion years, perhaps long enough to last through the beginning of the next wave of creation, however by then, such ancient galaxies of this nature would have been almost completely dispersed over the cosmic event horizon by the ever accelerating expansive forces of dark energy. A long, chilly period of increasingly murky gloom may have to go by before enough of that fuel is replenished by the ubiquitous quantum energies of space to allow for another universal wave of stellar and galactic formation.
While all the stars eventually die out, or either become black holes or get swallowed by black holes and/or pass over the cosmic horizon never to be seen again, only a few large black holes may stay around long enough for the next cycle of creation to begin. It will take billions and billions of years for enough new hydrogen and helium (star power) to again accumulate from dark energy and provide all the components of a new universe and enough fuel at the right amount of density for yet another cosmic firework display to usher in the dawn of a brand-new wave of creation.
However, the universes of dark (or astral) matter may not suffer such long cycles of darkness or experience none at all because their vibration rate is so much more closely attuned to the universal "music" or "Shabad" of dark energy. In the realms of astral matter on the finest levels of vibration, the availability of light and energy is most likely to remain much more steady and reliable.
Remembering that only 10 percent (more recent data suggests 17 percent) of the material in the universe is visible matter, while the rest is dark matter, there is obviously far more going on in the universe that is not being seen or known. However, from what we can determine from all the UFO sightings, hauntings, apparitions, astral projection experiences, near-death experiences, and actual communications from souls who have passed over to the afterlife, there is not only overwhelming evidence that life exists on these higher planes of existence, it is also a life of the highest quality imaginable.
Please read The Awesome Powers of Dark Energy and Matter: A New Cosmology? for a more extensive study of cosmology from the Science of Wholeness perspective.
The Gordian Knot symbolizes the idea of unity or the oneness (wholeness) that underlies the universe.